Hindu Law

Hindu law in its current usage refers to the system of personal laws (i.e., marriage, adoption, inheritance) applied to Hindus, especially in India.[1] Modern Hindu law is thus a part of the law of India established by the Constitution of India (1950). Modern Hindu law refers to one of the personal law systems of India along with similar systems for Muslims, Sikhs, Parsis, and Christians. This Hindu Personal Law or modern Hindu law is an extension of the Anglo-Hindu Law developed during the British colonial period in India, which is in turn related to the less well-defined tradition of Classical Hindu Law.  

Muslim Law
The All India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB) is a non government organization constituted in 1973 to adopt suitable strategies for the protection and continued applicability of Muslim Personal Law in India.

Christian Law
Christians in India have had different laws on succession. The British Indian Government enacted the Indian Succession Act of 1865 on the recommendations of the 3rd Law Commission. This Act was intended to be applied to different communities in British India who did not have a law of their own in matters of succession. It was specifically provided that it would not apply in the case of Hindus, Muslims, Buddhists, Sikhs or Janis. But its provisions were to apply in the case of Christians.The Christian Law of Marriage in India is governed by the Indian Christian Marriage Act of 1872.

Marriage, as is seen in Christian tradition, is not merely a civil contract nor is it purely a religious contract. It is seen as a contract according to the law of nature, antecedent to civil institutions and by itself an institution. A marriage among Christians is traditionally understood as the voluntary union for life of one man and one woman to the exclusion of all others, and Indian law follows suit, so that India does not allow for the possibility of same-sex marriage as it has been celebrated by some churches in other countries in recent years. 

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